Is Canada larger than the US? This perennial issue frequently ignites passionate discussions about the two major North American neighbors—the USA and Canada. The answer may surprise you.

This is not just a curious question; it has the potential to provide additional insight into the geography, resources, and personalities of these enormous countries. So, just how massive are we talking about with each country? Let’s break it down.

Canadá vs. Estados Unidos: A Geographic Contrast

When it comes to size, Canada is larger than the United States of America. It ranks as the second largest country in terms of area with about 9.98 million square kilometers following Russia. The United States, which comes third globally, occupies approximately 9.83 million square kilometers and extends from Alaska located in the north to Hawaii in the south.

Due to its larger size, Canada boasts lengthy coastlines, a large number of lakes, and diverse natural landscapes. Its topography consists of arctic tundras, mountains, and woods. On the other hand, although being marginally smaller, the United States is home to a wider range of temperatures and topographies, from the arid deserts of Arizona to the mountainous regions of Alaska and the Pacific Northwest woods.

USA vs Canada: Immigration and Population Growth

Canada’s population is much lower than that of the US, despite having greater land area. There are about 38 million people living in Canada and over 330 million in the US. The differences in population density have an impact on opportunities, immigration laws, and the general experience of recent immigrants.

Canada’s lower population density of 4 people per square km is a result of its vast, hostile northern regions. Because of the gentler climate near the southern border, most Canadians live there. This dispersion offers unique opportunities for immigrants, since Canada’s immigration regulations are designed to attract newcomers in order to augment its work force and address demographic concerns, especially in less populated areas.

US vs. Canada: Immigration Laws

Based on national interests and demographic factors, the immigration laws of the US and Canada differ from one another.

One of the most advanced aspects of the Canadian immigration policy is the Express Entry system, which is based on a point system and estimates the applicants according to several characteristics such as age, qualification, work experience, official language proficiency, etc. Hiring or attracting talent required for the economic advancement of the country is the ultimate aim of this strategy. Many provincial nomination programs (PNPs) are available in Canada to help provinces satisfy labor market demands.

Humanitarian immigration and family reunification are two vital pillars of Canadian immigration strategy. The nation is known for its hospitable approach to people, especially those who apply for asylum and protection.

The immigration laws existing in the United States differ and are more complex; they include asylum seekers, diversity visas, employment or family-based immigration, and the diversity-based immigration. Any person will agree that the reunification of families is an essential value in the United States where a considerable number of green cards are issued to relatives of citizens and green card holders.

While there are many employment-based immigration categories worldwide, a few common options for American immigrants are the EB-5 investor visa and the H-1B visa for skilled workers. An additional peculiarity of the American system is the Diversity Visa Lottery, which grants people from countries with a low level of immigration in the USA the opportunity to obtain permanent residency.

The Difference in Healthcare

The US has the highest healthcare costs in the world, with each person spending an average of about $11,172 a year. Since many Americans obtain health insurance through their jobs, access to healthcare is frequently correlated with employment. It might also cause disparities in terms of access and provision of health services; this means that individuals who cannot afford medical insurance will struggle to afford basic healthcare services. While 2012 has seen many more Americans having access to health care coverage due to ACA, the issues of affordability and access to care persist.

Even with some of the world’s greatest institutions, Americans are struggling to afford the skyrocketing price of receiving high-quality medical treatment. 

In Canada, the majority of the costs associated with providing medical care are funded by taxes paid by the government. Therefore, public funding is provided for healthcare. Consequently, all individuals have access to essential medical treatment at no cost to them, thanks to a universal healthcare system. In order to optimize Canada’s healthcare system, a primary care physician is typically the initial point of contact for specialty therapies.

Economic Opportunities

There are plenty of economic prospects in both nations, albeit they can often be very different in kind. 

Canada has abundant natural resources, including minerals, lumber, and fossil fuels, all of which are vital to the nation’s economy. It also boasts a thriving business community that deals with service-related businesses including banking, real estate, and technology. The immigration policy of the nation provides immigrants with an opportunity to work in fields that correspond to their qualifications. 

The US economy is one of the largest in the world, with added advantages of flexibility and quick adaptation to technological innovations. The US offers one of the best opportunities for both workers and investors regardless of the industry they’re interested in.

Due to the competitive work environment, immigrants with specialized training and education frequently find considerable prospects for career progression.

Another Immigration Comparison: Canada vs. Australia

Australia is a popular travel destination that should be taken into consideration while talking about Canada’s size and immigration laws. Despite being smaller than Canada—with a land area of roughly 7.69 million square kilometres—Australia and Canada have comparable immigration laws and demographic distributions.

Currently, there are about 26 million people residing in Australia, most of whom are concentrated in coastal areas such as Sydney, Melbourne, and Brisbane. There is also points-based immigration in place, the policy which tries to meet the demand of the shortage of skilled labour. Australia has good healthcare facilities, a powerful economy, and high standards of living, which are factors that attract immigrants.


So, is Canada bigger than the US? In terms of geography, sure. But, from the standpoint of an immigration lawyer, the more important queries centre on the standard of living, chances, and experiences that each nation provides to immigrants.

If you have plans to immigrate to Canada or the United States, there is no one better than Ronen Kurzfeld to offer you professional guidance. Ronen Kurzfeld will provide you with personalized advice and assistance in order to achieve your immigration goals.

 For additional information, arrange a consultation.